Why Poor Schools Can’t Win at Standardized Testing

The School District of Philadelphia recently tweeted a photo of Mayor Michael Nutter handing out 200,000 donated books to K-3 students. Unfortunately, introducing children to classic works of literature won’t raise their abysmal test scores.

This is because standardized tests are not based on general knowledge. As I learned in the course of my investigation, they are based on specific knowledge contained in specific sets of books: the textbooks created by the test makers.

All of this has to do with the economics of testing. Across the nation, standardized tests come from one of three companies: CTB McGraw Hill, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, or Pearson. These corporations write the tests, grade the tests, and publish the books that students use to prepare for the tests. Houghton Mifflin has a 38 percent market share, according to itspress materials. In 2013, the company brought in $1.38 billion in revenue.

Pennsylvania currently has a multi-million-dollar contract with a company called Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) to grade the PSSAs. DRC works with McGraw-Hill as part of a consortium that has a $186 million federal contract to write and grade standardized tests for the rest of the country. McGraw-Hill, meanwhile, also writes the books and curricula schools buy to prepare students for the tests. Everyday Math, the branded curriculum used by most Philadelphia public schools in grades K­–5, is published by McGraw Hill.

Put simply, any teacher who wants his or her students to pass the tests has to give out books from the Big Three publishers. If you look at a textbook from one of these companies and look at the standardized tests written by the same company, even a third grader can see that many of the questions on the test are similar to the questions in the book. In fact, Pearson came under fire last year for using a passage on a standardized test that was taken verbatim from a Pearson textbook. 

The issue often has as much to do with wording as it does with facts or figures. The companies that create the most important state and national exams also publish textbooks that contain many of the answers. Unfortunately, low-income school districts can’t afford to buy them.

shemustassemble

queensansastark:

Do you ever make a graphic and you get at the point where you have to choose a font and think “if only there were some way to get an overview of all the fonts I have already installed”? Well you can. At wordmark.it you just type in any word you want, it then shows that word in every font you have installed on your computer.

queensansastark:

Do you ever make a graphic and you get at the point where you have to choose a font and think “if only there were some way to get an overview of all the fonts I have already installed”? Well you can. At wordmark.it you just type in any word you want, it then shows that word in every font you have installed on your computer.

(Source: facebook.com, via zeino)

[MV] Block B (블락비) HER (헐)

tigersmilk:

methblue:

uptownzurban:

Please!!! I encourage anyone who follows me or sees this to sign this petition. My city is under a lot of distress right now for this wrongful doing. Here is the link to sign the petition… https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/mike-brown-law-requires-all-state-county-and-local-police-wear-camera/8tlS5czf

see this makes more sense, change.org wouldn’t do shit but here the government HAS to look at it

this needs so many more notes and SO MANY MORE SIGNATURES

i don’t know. i can see this going wrong fast. tapes can be edited, and I really don’t want more filming/surveillance of people (avg. citizens, not cops.)

tigersmilk:

methblue:

uptownzurban:

Please!!! I encourage anyone who follows me or sees this to sign this petition. My city is under a lot of distress right now for this wrongful doing. Here is the link to sign the petition… https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/mike-brown-law-requires-all-state-county-and-local-police-wear-camera/8tlS5czf

see this makes more sense, change.org wouldn’t do shit but here the government HAS to look at it

this needs so many more notes and SO MANY MORE SIGNATURES

i don’t know. i can see this going wrong fast. tapes can be edited, and I really don’t want more filming/surveillance of people (avg. citizens, not cops.)

My therapist just told me a joke.

professorfangirl:

timemachineyeah:

So this girl walks up to another girl and says “Hey, have you heard of the Bechdel Test?”

And the other girl says, “Yeah, my boyfriend was telling me about it the other day!”

SIT DOWN.

(via shutupthatswhy)

open this link to help BIG BYUNG trend on daum :)

(Source: fuckyeah-gotseven)

Bad Kids - Black Lips

estufar:

An actual headline from The New York Times in 1919 

estufar:

An actual headline from The New York Times in 1919 

(via hellotailor)

itsababyshambles:

critics didn’t like down in albion bc of the way it was recorded (which i think actually add to its charm) but they failed to actually listen to the songs, i think if they had’ve done they would’ve realised what a masterpiece that album actually is

what??? that’s my favourite Babyshambles album! The lyrics and the music and everything are perfect.

notgrungejustnirvana:

sweetfucktory:

homes-ick:

ahkmenra-h:

hellabitcoins:

sansaspark:

magconbabe-matt:

This shit better work

HAH I REBLOGGED THIS LAST NIGHT AND LOOK WHAT I GOT FROM MY DAD TODAY OUT OF THE BLUE


what if we all got paper lol

GUYS I REBLOGGED THIS LAST NIGHT AND I JUST GOT $150 

i just need money so 

im just broke sorry lol

I’m just reblogging cos this shit is cool?? 

notgrungejustnirvana:

sweetfucktory:

homes-ick:

ahkmenra-h:

hellabitcoins:

sansaspark:

magconbabe-matt:

This shit better work

HAH I REBLOGGED THIS LAST NIGHT AND LOOK WHAT I GOT FROM MY DAD TODAY OUT OF THE BLUE

what if we all got paper lol
GUYS I REBLOGGED THIS LAST NIGHT AND I JUST GOT $150 

i just need money so 

im just broke sorry lol

I’m just reblogging cos this shit is cool?? 

(via besanii)